It can decrease the pain and swelling of arthritis. It may prevent joint damage and reduce the risk of long-term disability. Plaquenil sle Plaquenil and tramadol Hydroxychloroquine oral tablet is available as a brand-name drug and a generic drug. Brand name Plaquenil. Hydroxychloroquine comes only as a tablet you take by mouth. Hydroxychloroquine is used to treat malaria, lupus erythematosus, and rheumatoid arthritis. Hydroxychloroquine is a disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug DMARD. It regulates the activity of the immune system, which may be overactive in some conditions. Hydroxychloroquine can modify the underlying disease process, rather than simply treating the symptoms. Hydroxychloroquine belongs to a group of medicines known as antimalarials. It works by preventing or treating malaria, a red blood cell infection transmitted by the bite of a mosquito. However, this medicine is not used to treat severe or complicated malaria. Today, it is used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, some symptoms of lupus, childhood arthritis (or juvenile idiopathic arthritis) and other autoimmune diseases. Hydroxychloroquine is in a class of medications that was first used to prevent and treat malaria. What is hydroxychloroquine Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil, Hydroxychloroquine Side-effects, uses, time to work Sjögren's syndrome hydroxychloroquinePrecautions of chloroquinePlaquenil and diabetic retinopathy Feb 19, 2020 Rheumatoid Arthritis. The action of hydroxychloroquine is cumulative and may require weeks to months to achieve the maximum therapeutic effect see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY. Initial adult dosage 400 mg to 600 mg 310 to 465 mg base daily, administered as a single daily dose or in two divided doses. Plaquenil Hydroxychloroquine Uses, Dosage, Side Effects.. Hydroxychloroquine Oral Route Description and Brand Names.. What is Hydroxychloroquine? - HTQ. Mar 17, 2019 Hydroxychloroquine is a quinoline medicine used to treat or prevent malaria, a disease caused by parasites that enter the body through the bite of a mosquito. Malaria is common in areas such as Africa, South America, and Southern Asia. This medicine is not effective against all strains of malaria. Hydroxychloroquine is a derivative of chloroquine that has both antimalarial and antiinflammatory activities and is now most often used as an antirheumatologic agent in systemic lupus erythematosis and rheumatoid arthritis. Hydroxychloroquine is usually taken with food or milk to prevent stomach upset. The dosage and length of treatment are based on your medical condition and response to therapy. In children, dosage is also based on weight.